The usage of single use plastic bags have so many benefits in the daily basis. Besides able to help people doing their activities, it also could creating many jobs in the world. In 2017, 989.000 people working at plastic industries which makes plastic industry as the 8 biggest industry in USA. This mount of number hasn’t include other countries number, including Indonesia (source: Plastic Waste and Recycling | ScienceDirect).
Even could creating jobs and helping people in daily life, in fact for some people single use plastic bag has a bad image. Especially for those who has a big concern with ecosystem, environment, human life and animal welfare in the world. There are also so many campaigns come up about negative effects of single use plastic bags, plastic bag diet movement, and plastic bag bans movement now days.
A bold global movement by countries around the world concerning single use plastic bag just started running. Some countries already got impacted by single use plastic waste, some also speculated single use plastic bag would bring a bad effect for their citizen in the future are the backgrounds of this movement. Here is some of the countries where plastic bans have been introduced;
- Africa, (Government strictly bans single use plastic bags across all Africa),
- Bangladesh, (Bans on single use plastic bans since 2002, because it caused huge floods and submerged two-thirds of country in the water in 1988-1998.)
- Ireland, (Extra tax applied for using single use plastic bag, and successfully reducing amount of single use plastic bag usage for almost 90%)
- Denmark, (Denmark’s government gives extra tax policy for retailers who provides single use plastic bag, as a result Denmark could save 66% of single use plastic bags and paper bags usage.
- Belgium, (Since 2007, extra tax policy for single use plastic bag enforced across Belgium and the result, percentage of plastic bag usage constantly decrease every year).
- China, (The China’s State Council assigning nationwide bans on single use plastic bags and strictly encourage their citizen to use recycled bag or reusable bag in January 2008.)
- Australia, (In 2008, some Australia States decided to not to use single use plastic bag and since then, at least 400 billion of single use plastic bags successfully saved every year. In 2019, Australia officially suggest retailers on the country to start using recycled bags as replacement.)
- Italy, (Started to bans plastic bags which isn’t made from biodegradable sources in 2011)
- Haiti, (Government has been banned single use plastic bag since October 1st 2012, but this prohibition is not effective and single use plastic bag still became big issue in Haiti until now.
- United States of America, (banned single use plastic bag and firm up 10-cent as extra tax for plastic bag user in July 2014),
- Scotland, (Government officially set tax policy for offline and online retailers whose provide single use of plastic bags in their store. And successfully reducing more than 80% usage of single use plastic bag in Scotland),
- England, (In October 5th 2015 England officially bringing out regulation about charging extra fee for retailers who has more than 250+ employees. Recent studies reported, this regulations could reduce numbers of single use plastic bag 85%, and increasing recycled bags usage.)
- France, (July 1st 2016, France’s government officially announced they’re banning single use plastic bags)
- Germany, (Officially declared recycling tax on all stores that provides single use plastic bags, and charging 22-cent for customers who asked for single use plastic bags).
If we take further concern, almost all country who started to ban single use plastic bags suggest their citizen to use recycled bags or reusable bags. It’s all because the recycled bags & reusable bags considered more environmentally friendly, and able to reduce single use plastic waste. Reflecting on this phenomenon as a background, Yuurbag comes up to Indonesia. Because our concern on environment, we aimed to reduce the usage of single use plastic bags in Indonesia. Come and Join Us to Save Environment from plastic bags, for a Better and Healthier Indonesia!